Calcium chloride dihydrate has numerous industrial, commercial, and household applications. Some of the major and common uses of calcium chloride dihydrate are:
- De-icing agent: Calcium chloride dihydrate is used as a de-icing agent to remove ice and snow from roads, sidewalks, and other surfaces.
- Concrete acceleration: Calcium chloride dihydrate is added to concrete to accelerate the setting time, which reduces the time required for the concrete to set and harden.
- Food processing: Calcium chloride dihydrate is used in the food industry as a firming agent, preservative, and sequestrant.
- Oil and gas drilling: Calcium chloride dihydrate is used in the oil and gas industry to increase the density of drilling mud and to prevent the formation of hydrates in pipelines.
- Desiccant: Calcium chloride dihydrate is used as a desiccant to absorb moisture from the air and prevent the growth of mold and mildew.
- Medical applications: Calcium chloride dihydrate is used as a source of calcium in intravenous therapy, to treat hypocalcemia, and to manage hyperkalemia.
- Water treatment: Calcium chloride dihydrate is used in water treatment as a flocculant to remove impurities from water.
- Fire extinguishers: Calcium chloride dihydrate is used as an ingredient in some dry powder fire extinguishers to suppress fires by smothering them and removing oxygen from the fire.
Overall, calcium chloride dihydrate is a versatile chemical with numerous applications across various industries.