Chloroform was once widely used as an anesthetic, but due to its potential toxicity and side effects, its use in this capacity has largely been phased out. However, it is still used in some cases for veterinary purposes or in developing countries where more modern anesthetics are not available.
Chloroform is mainly used as a solvent in industrial and laboratory settings. It is particularly useful for dissolving and extracting non-polar compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, and is commonly used in the production of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and other chemicals.
In addition, chloroform has been used historically as a refrigerant, as a fire extinguishing agent, and as a component in some types of adhesives and sealants. However, these uses have largely been discontinued due to safety concerns.
It is important to note that chloroform is a potentially dangerous and toxic substance, and its use is strictly regulated in many countries. It should only be used by trained professionals in a controlled setting, and proper safety precautions should always be taken.