Citronella oil

Citronella oil

Citronella is a fragrant essential oil derived from certain species of plants, primarily Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus, commonly known as citronella grass. It is renowned for its strong, lemony scent and is frequently used in various products such as candles, insect repellents, and perfumes. Citronella oil is particularly valued for its natural insect-repelling properties, making it a popular choice for warding off mosquitoes and other biting insects.



Citronella has several major and common uses, primarily due to its natural insect-repelling properties and pleasant aroma. Here are some of the main uses of citronella:

  1. Insect Repellent: Citronella oil is widely used as a natural mosquito and insect repellent. It can be found in various forms such as sprays, lotions, candles, and diffusers. Citronella-based products are commonly used to create a barrier against mosquitoes and other biting insects, making them ideal for outdoor activities and protecting against insect-borne diseases.
  2. Aromatherapy: The fresh and uplifting scent of citronella oil makes it a popular choice in aromatherapy. It is used to promote relaxation, relieve stress, and create a calming atmosphere. Citronella oil can be added to diffusers, massage oils, bath products, or used in steam inhalation to enjoy its aromatic benefits.
  3. Candle Making: Citronella oil is a common ingredient in candle making due to its pleasant scent and insect-repelling properties. Citronella candles are often used in outdoor settings to deter mosquitoes and create a pleasant ambiance.
  4. Soap and Cosmetic Products: Citronella oil is incorporated into various soap, shampoo, and cosmetic formulations for its refreshing scent. It adds a citrusy aroma and is believed to have mild antiseptic properties.
  5. Flavoring Agent: In some culinary applications, citronella is used as a flavoring agent. It is used sparingly in certain Asian cuisines, especially in Thai and Indonesian dishes, to add a citrusy and aromatic note to curries, soups, and marinades.
  6. Garden and Plant Care: Citronella plants are sometimes grown in gardens as ornamental grasses. Their strong aroma is known to repel mosquitoes and other insects, making them a natural addition to outdoor spaces. Crushing the leaves of the citronella plant can release its fragrance and enhance its insect-repelling properties.

It’s important to note that while citronella is generally regarded as safe, it can cause skin irritation or allergic reactions in some individuals. It’s recommended to perform a patch test before applying it directly to the skin and to follow the usage instructions provided with citronella-based products.

Safety Guidelines

When using citronella, it’s important to observe the following safety precautions:
  1. Skin Sensitivity: Citronella oil can cause skin irritation or allergic reactions in some individuals, especially those with sensitive skin. Before applying citronella oil topically, perform a patch test on a small area of skin and wait for any adverse reactions for at least 24 hours. If redness, itching, or irritation occurs, discontinue use.
  2. Dilution: Citronella oil is highly concentrated and should be diluted before applying to the skin. Mix it with a suitable carrier oil such as coconut oil, jojoba oil, or almond oil, following the recommended dilution ratios. Generally, a 2-3% dilution (about 10-15 drops of citronella oil per ounce of carrier oil) is considered safe for topical use.
  3. Avoid Contact with Eyes and Mucous Membranes: Citronella oil should not come into direct contact with the eyes or mucous membranes. If accidental contact occurs, rinse thoroughly with water. If irritation persists, seek medical attention.
  4. Not for Internal Use: Citronella oil is meant for external use only and should not be ingested. Ingesting citronella oil can be toxic and harmful to health. If swallowed accidentally, seek immediate medical help or contact a poison control center.
  5. Keep Away from Children and Pets: Store citronella oil and citronella-based products in a secure location, out of the reach of children and pets. Ingesting or inhaling large quantities can be dangerous, and direct contact with undiluted oil may cause harm.
  6. Use as Directed: Follow the instructions provided on the product label when using citronella-based products, such as candles, sprays, or diffusers. Adhere to the recommended usage guidelines and do not exceed the recommended application frequency.
  7. Allergy and Sensitivity: If you have a known allergy or sensitivity to citronella or other essential oils, avoid using citronella products altogether. Consult with a healthcare professional if you have any concerns or pre-existing medical conditions.
Remember, while citronella is generally considered safe when used properly, individual reactions may vary. If you experience any adverse effects or have specific health concerns, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before using citronella or any essential oil.

Related Products