Formic acid has several major uses across various industries. Some of the most common uses of formic acid are:
- Textile and leather industry: Formic acid is used in the production of textiles and leather as a coagulant and finishing agent.
- Rubber industry: Formic acid is used as a coagulant in the production of natural and synthetic rubber.
- Agriculture industry: Formic acid is used as a preservative and antibacterial agent in the production of silage, a fermented feed for livestock.
- Chemical industry: Formic acid is used as a solvent and as a starting material in the production of other chemicals, such as acetic acid and formamide.
- Medical industry: Formic acid is used in the treatment of warts and corns.
- Oil and gas industry: Formic acid is used as a stimulation fluid in the drilling and completion of oil and gas wells.
Overall, formic acid is a versatile chemical that finds wide applications in various industries. However, it is important to handle it with care as it can be highly corrosive and toxic if not used properly.