Normal butanol has a variety of industrial and commercial applications, some of which include:
- Solvent: Normal butanol is an effective solvent for many organic compounds, including resins, oils, and waxes. It is used in the production of coatings, inks, and adhesives.
- Chemical intermediate: Normal butanol is used as a chemical intermediate in the production of various chemicals, including butyl acrylate, butyl acetate, and glycol ethers.
- Fuel: Normal butanol can be used as a biofuel, either alone or in combination with gasoline, diesel, or other fuels. It has a high energy content and can be blended with gasoline to reduce emissions.
- Extraction agent: Normal butanol is used as an extraction agent in the purification of antibiotics, hormones, and other pharmaceuticals.
- Cleaning agent: Normal butanol is used as a cleaning agent in industrial and household settings.
- Flavors and fragrances: Normal butanol is used as a flavor and fragrance ingredient in the food and cosmetics industries.
Chemical research: Normal butanol is often used in chemical research as a solvent and reagent.