The compound is a monosodium salt of carbonic acid. It has alkalinizing and electrolyte replacement properties. It appears as white lumps or as an odourless, white crystalline powder. The compound also has a bitter or slightly alkaline taste and is slightly soluble in water. It is mostly used as a pH buffering agent, systemic alkalizer, an electrolyte replenisher, or in topical cleansing solutions.
Some of the applications of Sodium bicarbonate include:
- It is used as an ingredient in baking powder.
- It s used in fire extinguishers.
- It is used as a source of carbon dioxide.
- It is used in the manufacture of some sodium salts.
- It is used as a buffer for pH adjustment in analytical chemistry.
- It is used in the production of ammonium bicarbonate.
- It is used in the treatment of wool and silk.
- It is used to prevent the formation of timber mould.
- It is used in the preparation of artificial mineral water.
- It is used in gold and platinum plating.
- It is used in the production of paint strippers that are used on aluminium.
- It is used in aquaculture as an anaesthetic for fish.
- It is applied as an ingredient in the production of red signalling smoke.
- It is used as a basic blowing agent for open-cell sponge.
- It is used as a dentifrice abrasive.