Zinc oxide has a wide range of uses across various industries. Some of the major or common uses of zinc oxide include:
- Sunscreen: Zinc oxide is a key ingredient in many sunscreen products due to its ability to reflect and scatter ultraviolet (UV) radiation, providing protection against sunburn and skin cancer.
- Cosmetics: Zinc oxide is used in cosmetics such as face powders, lotions, and ointments as a whitening agent, and for its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
- Rubber industry: Zinc oxide is added to rubber as a vulcanizing agent, improving the elasticity, strength, and durability of the final product.
- Ceramics: Zinc oxide is used in the production of ceramics, such as tiles and pottery, to enhance their strength and durability.
- Pharmaceuticals: Zinc oxide is used in various pharmaceutical products, including creams, ointments, and powders, due to its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.
- Adhesives: Zinc oxide is used in the production of adhesives to improve their adhesion properties.
- Pigments: Zinc oxide is used as a white pigment in the production of paints, coatings, and plastics.
- Agriculture: Zinc oxide is used as a fertilizer and as a dietary supplement for livestock to improve their health and growth.
- Electronics: Zinc oxide is used in the production of electronic components, such as transistors and diodes, due to its unique electrical properties.
Textiles: Zinc oxide is used in the production of textiles as a UV absorber, providing protection against sun damage and fading.