Acetone 160kg Drum

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Acetone is a colorless, flammable liquid with a sweet, fruity odor. It is a common organic solvent that is widely used in the production of plastics, fibers, drugs, and other chemical compounds. Acetone is also commonly used as a cleaning agent and a nail polish remover. Chemically, it is the simplest ketone and is represented by the formula CH3COCH3.

It is a colourless, volatile, flammable organic solvent which occurs naturally in trees, vehicle exhaust, plants and as a breakdown product of animal fat for metabolism. It has a sweetish (fruity) odour. The molecular formula for the compound is CH3-CO-CH3 or CH3COCH3 or C3H6O. Other names that identify the chemical are 2-propanone, dimethyl ketone, and beta ketopropane. It dissolves in water, is toxic in high doses, is the simplest ketone. Its vapours are denser than air and it has a flash point of 0 degrees Fahrenheit. It has a boiling point of 133 degrees Fahrenheit at 760mm Hg (NTP, 1992) and a melting point of 137 degrees Fahrenheit (NTP, 1992). Its solubility is greater than or equal to 100mg/ml at 72 degrees Fahrenheit (NTP, 1992).
Some of the areas of application of Acetone include:
1. It is applied in indirect refrigeration as a brine for low-temperature heat transfer.
2. It is used in cleaning and drying precision parts.
3. It is applied as a corrosion inhibitor in hydraulic fracturing.
4. It is applied as a solvent and as a reaction intermediate for the production of other compounds that are mainly used as solvents.
5. It is applied in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and cosmetics as a solvent.
6. It is used to store acetylene safely in gas cylinders.
7. It is used in spinning cellulose acetate fibres.
8. It is used in the manufacture of smokeless powder.
9. It is applied in boat manufacturing as a washing solvent in fibreglass.
10. It is applied in the electronic industry as a cleaning solvent.
11. It is applied as a solvent in the degumming of silk and the degreasing of wool.
12. It is applied in the formulations of surface coatings and related thinners and washes.
13. It is applied as a solvent for printing inks.
14. It is used as a varnish (nail polish) remover.
15. It is applied in the purification of paraffin.
16. It is used to harden and dehydrate tissues for extraction of various principles from plant and animal substances.
17. In cleaning, it is used to dissolve hazardous chemical spills.
18. It is used in rubber cement.
19. It is applied as a solvent in plastics and other synthetic fibres.

Safety Precautions

Acetone is a flammable and volatile liquid that can pose various health hazards if used improperly. Here are some precautions to observe when using acetone:

  1. Flammability: Acetone is highly flammable, so it should be stored away from heat sources, sparks, and flames. Keep it away from any ignition source, including electrical equipment, cigarettes, and open flames.
  2. Ventilation: Acetone can release harmful vapors, so it should be used in a well-ventilated area to avoid inhalation of the fumes. Use a fume hood if working with large quantities of acetone.
  3. Personal Protective Equipment: When handling acetone, wear protective equipment such as gloves, safety glasses, and a lab coat to protect your skin and eyes.
  4. Skin Contact: Acetone can irritate and dry out the skin. Avoid prolonged skin contact with acetone and wash your hands thoroughly after use.
  5. Storage: Store acetone in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area, away from direct sunlight, oxidizing agents, and incompatible materials.
  6. Spill and Leak: In case of a spill, clean up the area immediately using absorbent materials such as sand or vermiculite. Dispose of the contaminated materials properly in accordance with local regulations.
  7. Disposal: Do not dispose of acetone down the drain or in the regular trash. Dispose of it in accordance with local regulations for hazardous waste disposal.

Observing these precautions when using acetone can help prevent accidents and minimize the risk of harm to your health and the environment.

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